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SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
Cancer that begins in squamous cells, which are thin, flat cells
that look like fish scales. Squamous cells are found in the tissue that forms
the surface of the skin, the lining of the hollow organs of the body, and
the passages of the respiratory and digestive tracts. Also called epidermoid
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is a skin cancer arising from cells of the surface layer of the skin. SCC is the second most frequent malignant skin tumor after basal cell carcinoma.
Doctors generally divide skin cancer into two
stages: local (affecting only the skin) or metastatic (spreading beyond the
skin). Squamous cell carcinoma may metastasize more frequently than basal
cell carcinoma. In general, however, non-melanoma skin cancer (basal cell
carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma) rarely spreads, a biopsy often is the
only test needed to determine the stage. In cases where the growth is very
large or has been present for a long time, the doctor will carefully check
the lymph nodes in the area. In addition, the patient may need to have additional
tests, such as special x-rays, to find out whether the cancer has spread to
other parts of the body. Knowing the stage of a skin cancer helps the doctor
plan the best treatment.
CUBA SKIN INSTITUTE is a non-profit humanitarian public-private effort in healthcare services related to educating people about proper skin care as well as the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions, including skin cancers. Ongoing national research furthers our efforts to continually improve skin disease diagnosis and treatment.
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